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The following definitions apply to this title, and other definitions may be found in individual chapters when applicable to that chapter:

A. A Definitions.

A-board” means a type of sign as defined in AMC 19.67.030.

Access corridor” means a vehicle circulation area in private ownership which provides access to a single flag lot.

Accessory dwelling unit (ADU)” means a second small dwelling on the same lot as a single-family dwelling and meeting the requirements of AMC 19.47.030(C).

Accessory structure” means a type of structure as defined in AMC 19.47.020.

Accessory use” means a use incidental and subordinate to the principal use and located on the same lot or in the same building as the principal use. See AMC Chapter 19.47, Accessory Uses and Structures, for applicable standards.

Active recreation” means a mix of uses that includes the following facilities or facility types: athletic fields, buildings or structures for active recreational activities, fitness centers, swimming pools, community gardens, courts, children’s play areas, formally developed dog play areas, and other similar structures or development, and may include related uses such as retail and concession stands related to the principal use.

Adult Concessions. See AMC 5.35.030 for definitions pertaining to adult concession which by this reference are adopted for and applicable to AMC Title 19 to the extent used therein.

Adult family home” means a group living use as defined in AMC 19.43.020(B).

Adverse impact” means an unwanted and unanticipated result of taking a particular action or a negative effect that goes against desired conditions.

Advertise” means to describe or draw attention to a product, service, or event in a public medium in order to promote sales or attendance.

AKART” means all known, available, and reasonable methods of prevention, control, and treatment.

Alterations” means a change or rearrangement of the structural parts of existing facilities, or an enlargement by extending the sides or increasing the height or depth, or the moving from one location to another.

AMC” means the Anacortes Municipal Code.

Appellant” means a person who files a complete and timely appeal of a city decision.

Appellate body” means that officer or body prescribed by this title as having the authority to hear the appeal of a development permit.

Applicant” means a person seeking development or permit approval from the city.

Articulation” means the giving of emphasis to architectural elements (like windows, balconies, entries, etc.) that create a complementary pattern or rhythm, dividing large buildings into smaller identifiable pieces. See AMC 19.63.040 for articulation provisions.

Articulation interval” means the measure of articulation, the distance before architectural elements repeat. See AMC 19.63.040 for articulation provisions.

Artisan manufacturing” means a light manufacturing use as defined in AMC 19.45.030(B).

Assisted living facility” means a type of group living use as defined in AMC 19.43.020(C).

B. B Definitions.

Basement” means that portion of a building below the ground floor having less than four feet of clearance from its ceiling to the average finished grade of the building perimeter.

Bed and breakfast establishment” means an overnight lodging use as defined in AMC 19.44.050(B).

Best management practice (BMP)” means the schedules of activities, prohibitions of practices, maintenance procedures, and structural and/or managerial practices that, when used singly or in combination, prevent or reduce the release of pollutants and other adverse impacts to waters of Washington State.

Binding site plan” means a drawing to scale specified by AMC Chapter 19.32, Land Divisions, which: (1) identifies and shows the areas and locations of all streets, roads, improvements, utilities, open spaces, and any other matters specified by local regulations; (2) contains inscriptions or attachments setting forth such appropriate limitations and conditions for the use of the land as are established by the city of Anacortes; and (3) contains provisions making any development be in conformity with the site plan.

Bioretention BMP” means engineered facilities that store and treat stormwater by passing it through a specified soil profile, and either retain or detain the treated stormwater for flow attenuation.

Blank wall” means a ground floor wall or portion of a ground floor wall as described in AMC 19.63.070(B) that does not include a transparent window or door.

Block” means a parcel of land bounded on all sides by city streets, which may be divided by an alley, and generally comprised of individual building lots.

Block frontage” refers to the area between a street and building facades and other portions of a lot close to the street property line. This includes both streetscape elements (planting strips and sidewalks), street setbacks, and building facades. See AMC Chapter 19.61, Block Frontage Standards, for applicable standards.

Boarder” means a patron of a rooming house who is provided lodging, with or without meals, for compensation.

Boundary line adjustment” means the adjustment of a boundary line between existing lots.

Building” means any structure used or intended for supporting or sheltering any use or occupancy.

Building frontage” refers to the facade or street-facing elevation of a building. For buildings not adjacent to a street, it refers to the building elevation(s) that features the primary entrance to the uses within the building. Depending on the context the term is used in, it may also refer to the uses within the building. For example, a storefront is a type of building frontage.

Building Height. See AMC 19.42.120 for building height calculations, exceptions, and modifications.

Building Site. See “Site area.”

Burden of proof” means a party’s duty to prove an assertion or charge.

Business or commerce” means the purchase, sale, offering for sale, or other transaction involving the handling or disposition of any article, service, substance, or commodity for livelihood or profit.

C. C Definitions.

Cannabis” means all parts of the plant cannabis, whether growing or not; the seeds thereof; the resin extracted from any part of the plant; and every compound, manufacture, salt, derivative, mixture, or preparation of the plant, its seeds, or resin. For the purpose of this title, “cannabis” does not include the mature stalks of the plant, fiber produced from the stalks, oil or cake made from the seeds of the plant, any other compound, manufacture, salt, derivative, mixture, or preparation of the mature stalks, except the resin extracted therefrom, fiber, oil, or cake, or the sterilized seed of the plant which is incapable of germination. The term “cannabis” includes cannabis products and useable cannabis.

Cannabis products” means products that contain cannabis or cannabis extracts, have a measurable THC concentration greater than three-tenths of one percent, and are intended for human consumption or application, including, but not limited to, edible products, tinctures, and lotions. The term “cannabis products” does not include useable cannabis. The definition of “cannabis products” as a measurement of THC concentration only applies to the provisions of this title and must not be considered applicable to any criminal laws related to marijuana or cannabis.

Cargo container” means a type of temporary use defined in AMC 19.48.020(C).

Carport” means a protective covering for a parking space open on two or more sides, also categorized under the term “garage.”

Car-sharing provider” means a membership-based and licensed business that offers use of motor vehicles 24 hours a day and seven days a week to members who reserve vehicles in advance, and that charges members for the time and/or miles.

Certificate of occupancy” means a permit to occupy a premises issued after inspection has verified compliance with the requirements and provisions of this title and applicable building codes.

City” means the city of Anacortes, Washington.

City Council” means the duly elected City Council of the city of Anacortes.

City’s NPDES permit” means the 2013-2018 Phase II Western Washington Municipal Stormwater Permit issued by the Department of Ecology pursuant to the National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System.

Closed record appeal” means an administrative appeal on the record to a local government body or officer, including the legislative body, following an open record hearing on a project permit application when the appeal is on the record with no or limited new evidence or information allowed to be submitted and only appeal argument allowed.

Commission” means the Planning Commission for the purposes of this title.

Comprehensive plan” means the city’s comprehensive plan adopted pursuant to Chapter 36.70A RCW.

Comprehensive plan amendment” means an amendment or change to the text or maps of the comprehensive plan.

Conditional use” means a use that requires a conditional use permit (CUP) and that may be restricted as a condition of approval.

Cornice” means a horizontal molding projecting along the top of a wall, building, etc. See AMC 19.63.050(D) for related standards.

Cottage dwelling” refers to a type of household living use as defined in AMC 19.43.010(D).

Council. See “City Council.”

D. D Definitions.

Day” means calendar day, not business day, unless otherwise specified. See AMC 1.04.070, Computation of time.

Day care” means a commercial use as defined in AMC 19.44.010.

Decision” means the written report of findings and conclusions issued by the decision-maker.

Decision-maker” means that officer or body prescribed by this title as having the authority to approve, approve with conditions, or deny a permit under this title or hear an appeal and issue a revised decision.

Department” means the City of Anacortes Planning, Community, and Economic Development Department.

Departure” means a provision allowing for applicants to propose alternative means of compliance with a specific standard on a voluntary basis, provided they meet the purpose of the standard. See AMC 19.20.220 for more information on departures.

Detached building” means a building surrounded on all sides by open space and not physically connected to any other building.

Development” means any land use, activity, or project regulated by AMC Titles 13 and 16 through 20, including but not limited to building permits, subdivisions, binding site plans, rezones, conditional use permits, shoreline permits, short plats, or variances.

Development permit” means a permit or approval for a development, and includes project permits per RCW 36.70B.020.

Development site” means that portion of any lot or lots that encompass all phases of a development proposal.

Director” means the Director of the Planning, Community and Economic Development Department or the Director’s designee.

Division of land” means any transaction or action, not otherwise exempt or provided for under the provisions of this title, which alters or affects the shape, size or legal description of any part of an owner’s land as defined in this section. Sale of a condominium apartment and rental or lease of a building, facility or structure which does not alter or affect the legal description of an owner’s land does not constitute a division of land.

Drive-in” or “drive-through restaurant” or “refreshment stand” means any place or premises used for the sale, dispensing, or serving of food, refreshments, or beverages to customers in vehicles, including those establishments where customers may serve themselves and may eat or drink the food, refreshments, or beverages on or off the premises.

Duplex dwelling” refers to a type of household living use as defined in AMC 19.43.010(E).

Dwelling unit” or “dwelling” means a building or portion thereof providing complete housekeeping facilities for one family. A “dwelling unit” does not include a motel or hotel, which is separately defined.

E. E Definitions.

Effective date” means the date a final decision becomes effective.

Effective impervious surface” means those impervious surfaces that are connected via sheet flow or discrete conveyance to a drainage system.

Essential public facility (EPF)” means any public facility or facilities owned or operated by a unit of local or state government, public or private utility, transportation company, or any other entity that provides a public service as its primary mission, and is difficult to site. EPFs include those facilities listed in RCW 36.70A.200.

F. F Definitions.

Facade” means the entire street wall face of a building extending from the grade of the building to the top of the parapet or eaves and the entire width of the building elevation.

Family” means:

1. One person or two or more related persons living together.

2. No more than five unrelated persons living together as a single nonprofit housekeeping unit.

3. Unrelated persons living together in a state-licensed adult family home pursuant to RCW 70.127.010, with the provider’s family counting as up to six persons not related to the providers living with them as one housekeeping unit for profit.

4. In a single-family dwelling, one roomer or boarder is permitted in addition to the family.

Fence” means a structure which is built, constructed, or composed of parts joined together of material in some definite manner, in which the prime purpose is to separate and divide, partition, enclose or screen a parcel or parcels of land.

Final decision” means the final city action, in writing, to approve, approve with conditions, or deny a permit application.

Final plat” means a precise scale drawing of a subdivision and dedications which conforms to the approved preliminary plat, meets all the conditions of approval, and meets the requirements of the Skagit County Auditor for recording.

Final short plat” means a precise scale drawing of a short subdivision and dedications which conforms to the approved preliminary short plat, meets all conditions of approval, and meets the requirements of the Skagit County Auditor for recording.

Flood” means the water of any watercourse or drainway which is above the bank or outside the channel and banks of such watercourse or drainway.

Floor” means the same thing as “story.”

Floor area, gross (GFA) ” means the floor area within the inside perimeter of the exterior walls of the building under consideration, exclusive of vent shafts and courts, without deduction for corridors, stairways, ramps, closets, the thickness of interior walls, columns, or other features. The floor area of a building, or portion thereof, not provided with surrounding exterior walls shall be the usable area under the horizontal projection of the roof or floor above. The gross floor area does not include shafts with no openings or interior courts.

Floor area, net (NFA) ” means the actual occupied area, not including unoccupied accessory areas such as corridors, stairways, ramps, toilet rooms, mechanical rooms, and closets. Shared residential storage areas and commercial and industrial storage/stock areas are considered occupied areas for the purpose of this definition.

Freestanding sign” means a type of sign as defined in AMC 19.67.030.

G. G Definitions.

Garage” means a sheltered or enclosed accessory space used for the storage of motor vehicles, recreational vehicles, or boats. The term “garage” includes carports.

Garage sale” means all general sales, open to the public, conducted from or on a residential premises in any residential zone for the purpose of disposing of personal property.

Gateway block frontage” refers to a type of block frontage designation that emphasizes landscaping on frontages facing State Route 20. See AMC 19.61.100 for details.

General-service establishment” refers to a type of commercial use category defined in AMC 19.44.020(A).

Grade” means the level of the surface of the ground.

Grading” means any excavating or filling, or combination thereof, of land.

Gross acre” means acreage plus one-half the width of abutting right-of-way of streets and alleys.

Ground floor” means the first floor of any building nearest, on, or above the same plane as the fronting right-of-way.

Groundcover” means small plants such as salal, ivy, ferns, mosses, grasses, or other types of vegetation which normally cover the ground.

Grubbing” means the removal of trees, shrubs, stumps and rubbish from the project site.

H. H Definitions.

Hard surface area” means an impervious surface, a permeable pavement, or a vegetated roof.

Heavy industry” means a land use category as defined in AMC 19.45.010(A).

Hedge” means trees, vines, and/or shrubs which are planted in a substantially uniform configuration, grown and joined together in some definite manner and generally pruned to a uniform shape, creating a substantial barrier to sight.

Home occupation” means a type of accessory use as defined in AMC 19.47.040.

Hospital” means a type of medical use as defined in AMC 19.44.030(C).

Hotel” or “motel” means a type of overnight lodging use as defined in 19.44.050(C).

I. I Definitions.

Impervious surface” means a nonvegetated surface area which either prevents or retards the entry of water into the soil mantle as under natural conditions prior to development. A nonvegetated surface area which causes water to run off the surface in greater quantities or at an increased rate of flow from the flow present under natural conditions prior to development.

Improved public street” means a platted public street, paved to city standards and specifications.

Incidental sign” means a type of sign as defined in AMC 19.67.030.

Infiltration device or facility” means a drainage device or facility designed to use the hydrologic process of surface and stormwater runoff soaking into the ground, commonly referred to as percolation, to dispose of surface and stormwater runoff.

J. J Definitions.

Junkyard” means a lot, land, or structure, or part thereof, used for the collecting, storage, and sale of wastepaper, rags, scrap metal, used building materials, or discarded material; or for the collecting, dismantling, storage, salvaging or sale of parts of machinery, or vehicles not in running condition. “Junkyard” includes auto wreckage yards or storage yards for wrecked automobiles.

K. K Definitions.

Kennel” means a type of personal service use as defined in AMC 19.44.080. Also see AMC 6.06.090, Commercial kennels, catteries, pet shops and animal shelters—General conditions, for applicable standards.

L. L Definitions.

Land clearing” means the act of removing or destroying trees or groundcover.

Land-disturbing activity” means any activity that results in a change in the existing soil cover (both vegetative and nonvegetative) and/or the existing soil topography. Land-disturbing activities include, but are not limited to, clearing, grading, filling, and excavation. Compaction that is associated with stabilization of structures and road construction shall also be considered a land-disturbing activity. Vegetation maintenance practices, including landscape maintenance and gardening, are not considered land-disturbing activity. Stormwater facility maintenance is not considered land-disturbing activity if conducted according to established standards and procedures.

Landmark building” means a structure recognized as historic or architecturally significant through designation on a local, state, or national historic register.

Landscape” and “landscaped area” mean an inclusive combination of trees, shrubs, flowers, ferns, groundcover, and other vegetation as defined in AMC 19.65.030.

Landscaped block frontage” refers to a type of block frontage designation that emphasizes landscaped setbacks. See AMC 19.61.070 for details.

Light industry” means a land use category as defined in AMC 19.45.020(A).

Live-work dwelling unit” refers to a type of household living use defined in AMC 19.43.010(J).

Loading space” means an off-street space or berth on the same lot with a building, for the temporary parking of a commercial vehicle while loading or unloading merchandise or materials, and which abuts upon a street, alley, parking lot or other appropriate means of access.

Local government” means a county, city, or town.

Local improvement district” means an area comprised of a specific set of properties which are subject to a special property tax assessment after City Council action by ordinance pursuant to state statutes.

Long subdivision” means the division or redivision of land into 10 or more lots for the purpose of sale, lease, or transfer of ownership.

Lot” means a fractional part of divided lands having fixed boundaries, being of sufficient area and dimension to meet minimum zoning requirements for width and area. The term includes tracts or parcels.

Lot coverage” means the area of a lot which is covered by buildings and structures. See AMC 19.42.110 for a clarification of how lot coverage standards established by AMC Chapter 19.42, Form and Intensity Standards, are applied.

Lot frontage” means the portion of the property line which abuts a street right-of-way.

Lot of record” means a lot which is described by a final plat, short plat, or metes and bounds, and is established consistent with applicable local and state regulations at the date a legal instrument creating the lot is recorded at the Skagit County Auditor’s office.

Lot Types. The diagram in Figure 19.12.020(L) illustrates terminology used in this title with reference to corner lots, interior lots, and through lots.

1. Corner lot” means a lot located at the intersection of two or more streets. A lot abutting a curved street or streets must be considered a corner lot if straight lines drawn from the foremost points of the side lot lines to the foremost point of the lot meet at an interior angle of less than 135 degrees.

2. Interior lot” means a lot with frontage on only one street.

3. Through lot” means a lot other than a corner lot with frontage on more than one street. Through lots abutting two streets may be referred to as double frontage lots.

4. Flag lot” means a parcel of land, the body of which is separated from a public street by one or more lots, connected to a public street by a narrow portion (flagpole) of the parcel. See AMC 19.42.130(F) for flag lot setback standards.

5. Shared-access lot” means a group of lots sharing a driveway. See AMC 19.54.040(E) for shared-access lot standards.

Figure 19.12.020(L)

Types of lots.

Low impact development (LID)” means a stormwater and land use management strategy that strives to mimic the predisturbance hydrologic processes of infiltration, filtration, storage, evaporation and transpiration by emphasizing the following techniques:

1. Conservation.

2. Use of on-site natural features.

3. Site planning.

4. Distributed stormwater best management practices (BMPs) integrated into a project design.

Common LID BMPs include, but are not limited to: bioretention, rain gardens, permeable pavements, roof downspout controls, dispersion, soil quality and depth, minimal excavation foundations, vegetated roofs, water reuse, and rainwater harvesting.

Low impact development best management practice (LID BMP)” means distributed stormwater management practices, integrated into a project design, that emphasize predisturbance hydrologic processes of infiltration, filtration, storage, evaporation, and transpiration. LID BMPs include, but are not limited to: bioretention, rain gardens, permeable pavements, roof downspout controls, dispersion, soil quality and depth, minimal excavation foundations, vegetated roofs, and water reuse.

Low impact development principles” means land use management strategies that emphasize conservation, use of on-site natural features, and site planning to minimize impervious surfaces, native vegetation loss, and stormwater runoff.

M. M Definitions.

Major utility” means a type of utilities use as defined in AMC 19.46.040(A).

Manufactured home” refers to a type of household living use as defined in AMC 19.43.010(K).

Marijuana” means all parts of the plant cannabis, whether growing or not. See also “Cannabis.”

Marine block frontage” refers to a type of block frontage designation that emphasizes use of either the storefront or landscaped block frontage standards but which also offers greater flexibility in site orientation. See AMC 19.61.090 for details.

Medical office” means a type of medical use as defined in AMC 19.44.030.

Minimum requirement” means a technical minimum requirement described in Volume 1 of the Stormwater Management Manual for Western Washington (SWMMWW) and Appendix 1 of the city’s NPDES permit.

Minor utility” means a type of utilities use as defined in AMC 19.46.040(B).

Mixed block frontage” refers to a type of block frontage designation that allows use of either the storefront or landscaped block frontage standards. See AMC 19.61.080 for details.

Mixed-use” means a development that has a mix of uses such as but not limited to residential, office, retail, civic, dining, institutional, and industrial.

Modulation” means stepping forward or backward a portion of the facade as a means to articulate or add visual interest to the facade.

Motel. See “Hotel.”

Multifamily dwelling” refers to a type of household living use as defined in AMC 19.43.010(H).

Multifamily restricted dwelling” refers to a type of household living use as defined in AMC 19.43.010(I).

Municipal service facility” means a type of general-service use as defined in AMC 19.44.020(D).

Museum” means a type of civic use as defined in AMC 19.46.020(C)(4).

N. N Definitions.

Native vegetation” means vegetation composed of plant species, other than noxious weeds, that are indigenous to the coastal region of the Pacific Northwest and which reasonably could have been expected to naturally occur on the site. Examples include trees such as Douglas fir, western hemlock, western red cedar, alder, bigleaf maple, and vine maple; shrubs such as willow, elderberry, salmonberry, and salal; and herbaceous plants such as sword fern, foam flower, and fireweed.

Neighborhood grocery store” means a type of retail sales use as defined in AMC 19.44.120(E).

Nonconforming” or “preexisting nonconforming” means a use or structure that was legally established when it was commenced or constructed but does not conform to laws or rules that were subsequently adopted.

Nursery” means a type of agriculture use as defined in AMC 19.46.010(E).

Nursing home” means a type of group living use as defined in AMC 19.43.020(D).

O. O Definitions.

Open record appeal hearing” means an open record hearing held on an appeal if no predecision hearing has been held on the project permit.

Open record hearing” means a hearing conducted by a single hearing body or officer authorized by the city to conduct such hearings, that creates the city’s record through testimony and submission of evidence and information, under procedures prescribed by the city by ordinance or resolution.

Open record predecision hearing” means an open record hearing held prior to the city’s decision on a project permit.

Open space” means that part of a property which is unobstructed by structures from the ground upward, unless otherwise noted for internal open space provisions in AMC 19.62.040.

P. P Definitions.

Parking space” means an off-street space plus room to enter and exit the space that is used temporarily to park a motor vehicle, and which has access to a public street or alley.

Party of record” means a person who has testified at a public hearing, or submitted a written statement related to an application within the allowed time frame, and who provides the city with a complete mailing address.

Passive recreation” means a mix of uses on undeveloped land (including wetland buffers) or minimally improved lands which includes the following: naturally landscaped areas, nonlandscaped green spaces, picnic areas, water bodies, trails, interpretive trails and other similar structures or development.

Pedestrian-oriented space” means publicly accessible spaces that enliven the pedestrian environment by providing opportunities for outdoor dining, socializing and relaxing and that provide visual amenities that can contribute to the character of the neighborhood. See AMC 19.62.040(D) for pedestrian-oriented space design criteria.

Permanent sign” means a type of sign as defined in AMC 19.67.030.

Permeable pavement” means pervious concrete, porous asphalt, permeable pavers, or other forms of pervious or porous paving material intended to allow passage of water through the pavement section. It often includes an aggregate base that provides structural support and acts as a stormwater reservoir.

Permitted use” means any use authorized or permitted alone or in conjunction with another use in a specific zone and subject to the limitations of the regulations of such zone.

Person” means and includes a human being or legal entities such as corporations, partnerships, etc.

Personal service” means a category of land uses as defined in AMC 19.44.080(A).

Pervious surface” means any surface material that allows stormwater to infiltrate into the ground. Examples include lawn, landscape, pasture, native vegetation areas, and permeable pavements.

Place of assembly” means a place for groups of people to gather for an event or scheduled program. Examples include both civic or public uses (see AMC 19.46.020) or commercial recreation uses (see AMC 19.44.090 and 19.44.100).

Planning Commission” means the duly appointed Planning Commission of the city.

Plat” means a scale drawing of a subdivision showing lots, blocks, streets, or tracts, or other division or dedications of land to be subdivided.

Pole sign” means a type of freestanding sign as defined in AMC 19.67.030.

Portable sign” means a type of freestanding sign as defined in AMC 19.67.030.

Preliminary plat” means a neat and approximate scale drawing of a proposed subdivision, showing the existing conditions and the proposed layout of streets, lots, blocks, and other information needed to properly review the proposal.

Preliminary short plat” means a neat and approximate scale drawing of a proposed short subdivision, showing the existing conditions and the proposed layout of streets, lots, blocks, encumbrances, encroachments, and other information needed to properly review the proposal.

Principal use” means the use for which the majority of a lot, structure, or building is designed or actually employed.

Produce stand” means a type of temporary use as defined in AMC 19.48.020(B).

Professional office” means a type of commercial use category as defined in AMC 19.44.040.

Project permit” or “project permit application” means any land use or environmental permit or license required from the city for a project action, including but not limited to building permits, subdivisions, binding site plans, conditional uses, shoreline substantial development permits, site plan review, permits or approvals required by critical area ordinances, site-specific rezones authorized by a comprehensive plan or subarea plan, but excluding the adoption or amendment of a comprehensive plan, subarea plan, or development regulations except as otherwise specifically included in this definition.

Projecting sign” means a type of building-mounted sign as defined in AMC 19.67.030.

Public access” means access for all persons at all times.

Public park” means a type of parks, open space, and natural areas land use as defined by AMC 19.46.030(B).

Public safety facility” means a type of general-service use as defined in AMC 19.44.020(E).

Public street” means a public thoroughfare which provides the principal means of access to abutting properties. See AMC Chapter 19.52, Public Street Design, for related public street design standards and roadway functional classifications.

Q. Q Definitions.

Qualified professional” means a person with experience and training in the applicable field or critical area. A qualified professional must have obtained a B.S. or B.A. or equivalent degree in biology, engineering, environmental studies, fisheries, geology or related field, and have two years of related work experience.

R. R Definitions.

Rain garden” means a nonengineered shallow, landscaped depression, with compost-amended native soils and adapted plants. The depression is designed to pond and temporarily store stormwater runoff from adjacent areas, and to allow stormwater to pass through the amended soil profile. See AMC 19.65.060(F) for rain garden design standards.

Real estate signs” means a type of sign as defined in AMC 19.67.030.

Recreational vehicle” means a type of temporary use as defined in AMC 19.48.020(D).

Religious institution” means any building used for nonprofit purposes by an established religious organization holding either tax exempt status under Section 501(c)(3) of the Internal Revenue Code or under the state property tax law, where such building is primarily intended to be used as a place of worship. The term includes, but is not necessarily limited to, church, temple, synagogue, and mosque.

Research and development” means a type of use category as defined in AMC 19.45.040.

Retail” means a type of use category as defined in AMC 19.44.120(A).

Retaining wall” means a structure that retains (holds back) any material (usually earth) and prevents it from sliding or eroding away.

Rezone” means an amendment which changes the use classifications and/or boundaries upon the official zoning map.

Right-of-way” means a strip of land in public ownership used for transportation, utility, open space, or other public purposes.

Rockery” means placed rocks used to control soil erosion.

Roofline” means the highest edge of the roof or the top of a parapet, whichever establishes the top line of the structure when viewed in a horizontal plane.

Rooming house” means a type of group living use as defined in AMC 19.43.020(E).

S. S Definitions.

School” means a type of civic use as defined in AMC 19.46.020(C).

Second floor” means the habitable floor above the ground floor.

Sediment basin (pond)” means a temporary sediment pond installed at a construction site.

Setback” means the minimum required distance between a property line and a line parallel to that property line. Types of setbacks include:

1. Street setback.

2. Street setbackgarage.

3. Side street setback.

4. Interior side setback.

5. Interior side setbacksecond floor.

6. Rear setback.

Figure 19.12.020(S) shows the location of some setback types on a typical lot. See AMC 19.42.130 for clarification on how all setback types are measured.

Figure 19.12.020(S)

Setback types.

Setback line” means a line designating the minimum setback from the property line. See AMC 19.42.130 for measurement clarifications.

Shell building” means a nonresidential building that is capable of being divided into multiple leasable units or spaces with different uses but has had no use or uses identified as part of a land use permit application.

Shoreline permit” means a shoreline substantial development permit, shoreline conditional use permit, or shoreline variance issued pursuant to the city’s Shoreline Master Program.

Short plat” means the plat of a short subdivision.

Short subdivision” means the division or redivision of land into nine or fewer lots.

Sign. See AMC 19.67.030 for sign and sign-related definitions.

Significant tree” means a deciduous or evergreen tree greater than six inches in diameter at five feet above grade.

Single-family dwelling” refers to a type of household living use as defined in AMC 19.43.010(B).

Single-family—small lot dwelling” refers to a type of household living use as defined in AMC 19.43.010(C).

Site area” means the total horizontal area within the property lines excluding external streets, except where property lines extend waterward of the ordinary high water mark (OHWM), in which case the site area is the total horizontal area landward of the OHWM and excluding external streets.

Site plan” means a map or representation of a site showing thereon the location of various features of a particular proposal, such as setbacks, buildings, parking areas, and other items.

Standard of review” means the amount of deference given by an appellate body in reviewing a decision of a lower decision-maker.

Storefront” means the ground floor facade of a commercial use adjacent to a sidewalk or internal pathway.

Storefront block frontage” refers to a type of block frontage designation that emphasizes storefronts. See AMC 19.61.060 for details.

Stormwater facility” means a constructed component of a stormwater drainage system, designed or constructed to perform a particular function or multiple functions. Stormwater facilities include, but are not limited to, pipes, swales, ditches, culverts, street gutters, detention ponds, retention ponds, constructed wetlands, infiltration devices, catch basins, oil/water separators, and biofiltration swales.

Stormwater management manual” means the city’s manual for design of stormwater facilities, as adopted in AMC 19.76.040.

Story” means that portion of a building included between the upper surface of a floor and the upper surface of the floor or roof next above. It is measured as the vertical distance from top to top of two successive tiers of beams or finished floor surfaces and, for the topmost story, from the top of the floor finish to the top of the ceiling joists or, where there is not a ceiling, to the top of the roof rafters.

Street gutter” means a low area at the side of a road used to catch water and carry it away from the road.

Streetscape” means the space between the buildings on either side of a street that defines its character. The elements of a streetscape include block frontages, building facades, landscaping (trees, yards, bushes, plantings, etc.), sidewalks, street paving, street furniture (benches, kiosks, trash receptacles, fountains, etc.), signs, awnings, and street lighting.

Structure” means that which is built or constructed. An edifice or building of any kind, or any piece of work artificially built up or composed of parts jointed together in some definite manner, not to include fences less than seven feet high, paved areas, or retaining walls.

Subdivision” means the division or redivision of land as regulated by AMC Chapter 19.32, Land Divisions.

Substandard lot” means a lot that does not meet current city standards for area, width, or other dimensional characteristics for the zone in which it is located.

Surface water” means waters that flow over the land surface and frequently interact with groundwater.

SWMMWW” means the 2014 Stormwater Management Manual for Western Washington.

T. T Definitions.

Temporary signs” means conforming signs permitted for a specified period of time. See AMC 19.67.110 for applicable standards.

Tent structure” means any structure which is designed to be freestanding or partially supported by another structure, is covered with metal, canvas, plastic, or other material of a generally temporary nature, supported by a wood or pipe or similar skeletal frame.

Townhouse dwelling” refers to a type of household living use as defined in AMC 19.43.010(G).

Tract” means land reserved for special uses such as open space, surface water retention, utilities, or access. Tracts are not counted as lots or considered as building sites.

Transparency” means the degree to which rays of light may transmit through a substance. For storefronts and other ground level nonresidential uses, transparency also refers to the ability to see through the window and into the building as clarified in AMC 19.61.050.

Tree” means any living woody plant characterized by one main stem or trunk (or a group of trunks, in some species) and many branches, and having a diameter of eight inches or more measured at 24 inches above ground level when mature.

Triplex dwelling” refers to a type of household living use as defined in AMC 19.43.010(F).

U. U Definitions.

Under-canopy signs” means a type of building-mounted sign as defined in AMC 19.67.030.

Undesignated block frontage” refers to a type of block frontage without a designation. See AMC 19.61.110 for details.

Undeveloped lot” means a lot or parcel of land upon which no building or structure exists.

Unit. See “Dwelling unit.”

Unit lot subdivision” means a subdivision of land within a parent parcel that creates individual sellable lots. See AMC 19.32.050(D) for unit lot subdivision procedures.

V. V Definitions.

Variance” means an adjustment from a dimensional or numeric standard of this title issued per AMC Chapter 19.38, Variances.

Vertical building modulation” means stepping back or projecting forward vertical walls of a building face, within specified intervals of building width and depth, as a means of breaking up the apparent bulk of a structure’s continuous exterior walls. Vertical building modulation may be used to meet the facade articulation standards in AMC 19.63.040.

Vesting” means the legal establishment of a right which cannot be revoked by subsequent conditions or changes in law without due process of law. Refer to AMC 19.20.070 for vesting standards.

W. W Definitions.

Wall” means an upright structure of wood, stone, brick or other such material serving to enclose, divide, support or protect.

Wall sign” means a type of building-mounted sign as defined in AMC 19.67.030.

Water-oriented industrial uses” means a type of use category as defined in AMC 19.45.080(A).

Weather protection” means a permanent horizontal structure above pedestrian areas such as sidewalks and building entries that protects pedestrians from inclement weather.

Window sign” means a type of building-mounted sign as defined in AMC 19.67.030. (Ord. 3040 § 2 (Att. A), 2019; Ord. 2992 § 1 (Att. A), 2016; Ord. 2794 § 1 (Att. A), 2008; Ord. 2316, 1994)